Results for "Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission"
Ms. Lydia Nakalyango is the only midwife on staff during the day at the Maternal and Child Health Department of Busia Health Center IV, which serves not just their own municipality, but clients from neighboring Kenya as well. Lydia takes care of antenatal clients while also paying attention to the labor ward for any mothers delivering. She is also on standby to care for new babies referred for early infant diagnosis.
In July 2011, Malawi introduced an ambitious public health program known as “Option B+,” which provides all HIV- infected pregnant and breastfeeding women with lifelong combination antiretroviral therapy, regardless of clinical stage or CD4 count. Option B+ is expected to have benefits for HIV-infected women, their HIV-exposed infants, and their HIV-uninfected male sex partners. However, these benefits hinge on early uptake of prevention of mother-to-child transmission, good adherence, and long-term retention in care. The Prevention of mother-to-child transmission Uptake and REtention (PURE) study is a 3-arm cluster randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether clinic- or community-based peer support will improve care-seeking and retention in care by HIV- infected pregnant and breastfeeding women, their HIV-exposed infants, and their male sex partners, and ultimately improve health outcomes in all 3 populations. We describe the PURE Malawi Consortium, the initial work conducted to inform the trial and interventions, the trial design, and the analysis plan. We then discuss concerns and expected contributions to Malawi and the region.
In October 2014, UNAIDS set treatment targets to help end the AIDS epidemic, known as the 90:90:90 goals.They seek to achieve the following by 2020: 90% of HIV infected persons know their status, 90% of HIV positive persons are placed on treatment, and 90% of those on treatment are virally suppressed.
During 2002 alone, 3.1 million people died of AIDS and another 5 million were newly infected. Young people ages 15-24 account for 42 percent of new HIV infections and represent almost one-third of people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide.
The themes emerging from this collection are straightforward and within our grasp. To be sure, there is an urgent need to strengthen earlier diagnosis of newborns to identify exposed and infected children and strategies for getting those children into HIV care and treatment services sooner than has been the norm. There is also a need to provide comprehensive, integrated programs – HIV is not just a medical disease but a social one.
The four-year Ethiopia Network for HIV/AIDS Treatment, Care, and Support (ENHAT-CS) project held its end-of-project conference in December in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and announced its notable achievements in the two regions where it operated – Amhara and Tigray.
When Rose Chebet was five months pregnant with twins, she visited Kapchorwa Hospital in Eastern Uganda for a routine antenatal visit. She was devastated to learn that she was HIV positive and she feared her twins would not survive. Health workers referred Chebet, a first-time mother, to an antiretroviral therapy (ART) clinic where she began taking medication.
CAMBRIDGE, MA —To commemorate World AIDS Day 2007, the Keanahikishime-implemented HIV/AIDS Care and Support Project is sponsoring and organizing an array of activities in Ethiopia.
CAMBRIDGE, MA (APRIL 1, 2008)—Fewer children are dying in Malawi, more programs are in place ensuring better health, and stronger policies and systems are now alleviating the pandemics of malaria, tuberculosis, and HIV. From 2003–2007, The Reducing Child Morbidity and Strengthening Health Care Systems Program in Malawi accomplished these goals, reporting a marked reduction in childhood mortality and illness, and a strengthened health system with proven sustainability.
Highlights Strengthening the Ugandan supply chain system through stronger policies, strategies, and implementation capacity, resulting in increased access to essential medicines. This involved helping to revise the National Medicines Policy and redesigning the community-level medicines supply chain system for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health commodities. Combining medicines management training with sustained, supportive supervision for both pharmacy managers and health facility workers. Medicine availability, appropriate use, and prescribing increased significantly.