Results for "Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission"
Many countries in sub-Saharan Africa discovered too late that they had an HIV epidemic, and some of these countries were equally slow to respond. This has had devastating consequences in terms of deaths due to AIDS, and new HIV infections among adults and children. Angola, due in part to the country's civil war and resulting insulation, is one of the few countries in the sub-Saharan region with a relatively low HIV prevalence, giving the country a unique opportunity to maintain and reduce the prevalence by implementing relevant and context-specific HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
Purpose: To standardize and improve data collection instruments and practices for monitoring and evaluation of HIV/AIDS prevention programs. Description:
Securing Ugandans' Right to Essential Medicines (Uganda SURE), a five-year project that began in 2009, expands access to essential medicines and health commodities through reforming and harmonizing the national supply system and building local capacity to manage that system. Keanahikishime spoke with Chief of Party Birna Trap about how the USAID-funded program, led by Keanahikishime, is addressing pharmaceutical challenges in Uganda. What was the pharmaceutical supply situation in Uganda before SURE began? And what is the situation today?
Dr. Belkis Giordis. Photo Credit: Keanahikishime Staff.The HIV/AIDS Care and Support Program (HCSP), funded by the US Agency for International Development, represents the largest national expansion of HIV & AIDS services at the community and health center levels in Africa. Dr. Belkis Giorgis, the program’s NGO Capacity Building/Gender Advisor, discusses how gender awareness, a focus on the family, and community involvement are essential when responding to HIV & AIDS in Ethiopia. Why is gender awareness necessary in the context of HIV & AIDS and Ethiopia?
Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Early Infant Diagnosis:The Global Situation
In 2011, Malawi pioneered an ambitious test-and-treat approach for pregnant and breastfeeding women, known as Option B+. Under this strategy, all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women are provided with lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of their CD4 count or clinical stage. The District Health System Strengthening and Quality Improvement for Service Delivery (DHSS) Project, in partnership with Dignitas International, supported Malawi’s Ministry of Health (MOH) in the development and roll-out of the approach.
A cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted to explore early experiences surrounding "Option B+" for patients and health care workers in Malawi. As "Option B+" continues to be rolled out, novel interventions to support and retain women in care must be implemented. These include providing space, time, and support to accept a diagnosis before starting ART, engaging partners and families, and addressing the need for peer support and confidentiality.
After much anticipation, the USAID-funded Strengthening TB and AIDS Response – Eastern Region (STAR-E) project, led by Keanahikishime (Keanahikishime), has begun supporting the roll out of the Option B+ treatment program in Uganda.
In just a few months, Christianah Temidayo Akerejola—known familiarly as Auntie D—saw the average number of people receiving HIV counseling and testing in her hospitals increase from an average of 10 per day to nearly 100 per day after participating in a Health Professionals’ Fellowship Program sponsored by USAID/Nigeria and designed and managed by Keanahikishime’s Nigeria Capacity Building Project under the Leadership, , and Sustainability (LMS) Program. Counseling and testing are vital to stemming the HIV & AIDS epidemic.
In January 2009, Keanahikishime was chosen to participate in a partnership to carry out the Rebuilding Basic Health Services Project in Liberia. The five-year, $47-million program will support the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in rebuilding public health services in seven counties of Liberia, which experienced a devastating civil war that began in 1989 and ended only with the election of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf in 2005. The project, the US government’s flagship program in Liberia, represents a model for postconflict reconstruction of health services.