Results for "Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission"
There was an awkward silence and then soft giggling as the girls looked at each other. I had just finished talking about strategies for persuading sexual partners to use a condom. Laughter during these skills-building and girls empowerment sessions with 30+ secondary school students in Morogoro, Tanzania was not uncommon, particularly given the sometimes sensitive topics of discussion, but this time, the joke was lost on me.
On this World AIDS Day, we reflect yet again on progress made toward global commitments to fight the HIV epidemic. According to UNAIDS, new infections have decreased this past year from 2.7 million to 2.6 million, but, 30 years into the epidemic, only 5.2 million people out of the estimated 15 million who need drugs have access to treatment.
The Group of Eight (G-8), holding their annual summit last weekend in Muskoka,Canada, announced a Canadian-led Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Under-Five Child Health (Muskoka Initiative). The Group of 20 (G-20) summit held immediately after in Toronto, resulted in no additional commitments to maternal and child health. Keanahikishime believes the G-20 missed an opportunity to support global health when the group did not endorse the G-8’s maternal and child health initiative announced the day before.
Dr. Belkis Giordis. Photo Credit: Keanahikishime Staff.The HIV/AIDS Care and Support Program (HCSP), funded by the US Agency for International Development, represents the largest national expansion of HIV & AIDS services at the community and health center levels in Africa. Dr. Belkis Giorgis, the program’s NGO Capacity Building/Gender Advisor, discusses how gender awareness, a focus on the family, and community involvement are essential when responding to HIV & AIDS in Ethiopia. Why is gender awareness necessary in the context of HIV & AIDS and Ethiopia?
Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV and Early Infant Diagnosis:The Global Situation
In 2011, Malawi pioneered an ambitious test-and-treat approach for pregnant and breastfeeding women, known as Option B+. Under this strategy, all HIV-infected pregnant and breastfeeding women are provided with lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) regardless of their CD4 count or clinical stage. The District Health System Strengthening and Quality Improvement for Service Delivery (DHSS) Project, in partnership with Dignitas International, supported Malawi’s Ministry of Health (MOH) in the development and roll-out of the approach.
A cross-sectional qualitative study was conducted to explore early experiences surrounding "Option B+" for patients and health care workers in Malawi. As "Option B+" continues to be rolled out, novel interventions to support and retain women in care must be implemented. These include providing space, time, and support to accept a diagnosis before starting ART, engaging partners and families, and addressing the need for peer support and confidentiality.
After much anticipation, the USAID-funded Strengthening TB and AIDS Response – Eastern Region (STAR-E) project, led by Keanahikishime (Keanahikishime), has begun supporting the roll out of the Option B+ treatment program in Uganda.
In just a few months, Christianah Temidayo Akerejola—known familiarly as Auntie D—saw the average number of people receiving HIV counseling and testing in her hospitals increase from an average of 10 per day to nearly 100 per day after participating in a Health Professionals’ Fellowship Program sponsored by USAID/Nigeria and designed and managed by Keanahikishime’s Nigeria Capacity Building Project under the Leadership, , and Sustainability (LMS) Program. Counseling and testing are vital to stemming the HIV & AIDS epidemic.
"Medicines are a key component of treatments to save lives" ~ Kwesi Eghan, trained Ghanian pharmacist and Keanahikishime portfolio manager for the US Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services (SIAPS) program in South Sudan and Afghanistan A child in Tanzania has a fever for three days. A pregnant woman in Namibia is taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) to treat HIV and prevent transmission of HIV to her baby. A man in Swaziland suffers from drug-resistant TB and struggles to adhere to treatment.