Keanahikishime Publications on HIV

We know that HIV is preventable and that treatment is available that allows people to live full lives, but work remains to ensure that all people who are HIV-infected are aware of their status and can access the services they need on a life-long basis. We are working together as a global community to reach the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals: 

  • 90 percent of people living with HIV diagnosed by 2020
  • 90 percent of diagnosed people on antiretroviral treatment by 2020
  • 90 percent of people in treatment with fully suppressed viral load by 2020

This volume of 101 peer-reviewed journal articles highlights Keanahikishime’s long-term commitment responding to the HIV epidemic and includes contributions from Keanahikishime staff and our national and international partners, and donors (principally the US Agency for International Development). The papers presented highlight particularly effective innovations for responding to the epidemic and are important contributions to the evidence base of what works in HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and treatment adherence, including systems strengthening innovations. 

Better health system performance begins with inspired and inspiring leadership, sound management, and consistent, transparent governance. Advances must take into consideration central, district, and local environments, with capacity building and accessible technical expertise provided to ensure correct use and assure sustainability.

Journal Articles

Ahmed S, Kim MH, Sugandhi N, Phelps BR, Sabelli R, Diallo MO, Young P, Duncan D, Kellerman SE, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S235–245.

Assefa Y, Schouten E, Chimbwandira F, Hermann K, Van Damme W. . Lancet. 2010 Sept 25; 376(9746): 1053–54. doi: 10.1016/S0140–6736(10)61487–0.

Bemelmans M, Van Den Akker T, Ford N, Philips M, Zachariah R, Harries A, Schouten E, et al. . Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2010 Dec; 15(12): 1413–20. doi: 10.1111/j.1365–3156.2010.02649.x.

Biru M, Hallström I, Lundqvist P, Jerene D. . PLoS One. 2018 Feb 6; 13(2): e0189777.

Biru, M, Lundqvist P, Molla M, Jerene D, Hallström I. Surviving Overwhelming Challenges: Family Caregivers’ Lived Experience of Caring for a Child Diagnosed with HIV and Enrolled in Antiretroviral Treatment in Ethiopia. Issues in Comprehensive Pediatric Nursing. 2015 Sept 16; 1–18. doi: 10.3109/01460862.2015.1079278.

Boruett P, Kagai D, Njogo S, Nguhiu P, Awuor C, Gitau L, Chalker J, et al. on behalf of International Network on the Rational use of Drugs-Initiative on Adherence to Antiretrovirals (INRUD-IAA). . BMC Health Services Research. 2013 July 1; 13(242). doi: 10.1186/1472–6963–13–242.

Burua A, Nuwaha F, Waiswa P. . BMC Health Services Research. 2014 Nov; 14(521).

Cataldo F, et al. [E Schouten, 10th author]. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2016 Dec. 9. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001273.

Chalker J, et al. . Essential Medicines Monitor. 2009: 1: 4–8.

Chalker J, et al. . BMC Health Services Research. 2010 Feb 19; (10)43. doi: 10.1186/1472–6963–10–43.

Chalker J, et al. . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2010 Feb; 53(2): 159–161.

Chalker J, Wagner A, Tomson G, Laing R, Johnson K, Wahlstrom R, Ross-Degnan D, on behalf of International Network on the Rational use of Drugs-Initiative on Adherence to Antiretrovirals (INRUD-IAA). . International Health. 2013; 5(3): 163–165. doi:10.1093/inthealth/iht013.

Chamla D, Mbori-Ngacha D, Newman M, Kellerman SE, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Dec; 27 (supplement 2): S139–46.

Chimbwandira F, Schouten E, et al. . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 2013 March 1; 62(8): 148–51.

Colvin, Christopher J., Konopka S, Chalker JC, Jonas E, Albertini J, Amzel A, Fogg K. . PLoS One. 2014 Oct; 9(10): e108150. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108150.

Corbell C, Katjitae I, Mengistu A, Kalemeera F, Sagwa E, Mabirizi D, Lates J, Nwokike J, et al. . Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. 2012 Apr; 21(4): 407–14. doi: 10.1002/pds.2252.

Daniel G, Tegegnework H, Demissie T, Reithinger R. . Transactions of the Royal Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2012 Jan; 106(1): 60–62. doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2011.09.008.

Essajee SM, Arpadi SM, Dziuban EJ, Gonzalez-Montero R, Heidari S, Jamieson DG, Kellerman S … Walkowiak H et al. Pediatric Treatment 2.0: . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S215–24.

Fasawe O, Avila C, Shaffer N, Schouten E, Chimbwandira F, Hoos D, Nakakeeto O, De Lay P. . PLoS One. 2013 March 12; 8(3): e57778.

Firdu N, Enquselassie F, Jerene D. . Pan African Medical Journal. 2017 Jun 2; 27(80). doi: 10.11604/pamj.2017.27.80.8544.

Gitau, L, Boruett P, Njogo S, Nguhiu P, Awour C, Kagai D, Chalker J, et al. . East African Medical Journal. 2014 Oct; 91(10): 353–60.

Gusdal AK, et al. . AIDS Care. 2011 Feb; 23(6): 657–62. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2010.532531.

Gusdal AK, et al. ? AIDS Care. 2009 Nov; 21(11): 1381–87.

Harries AD, et al. . 2011 July; 11(593). doi: 10.1186/1471–2458–11–593.

Harries AD, et al. . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2011 Aug; 57(Supplement 2): S64–67.

Harries AD, Ford N, Jahn A, Schouten EJ, et al. . BMC Public Health. 2016 Sept; 16(938). doi: 10.1186/s12889–016–3620-x.

Harries AD, Makombe SD, Schouten EJ, Jahn A, Libamba E, Kamoto K, Chimbwandira F. . Health Care Science. 2012 Sep; 15(3): 197–205. doi: 10.1007/s10729–011–9187–2. Epub 2011 Nov 24.

Harries AD, Schouten EJ, Libamba E. . Lancet. 2006 Jun 3; 367(9525): 1870–72.

Hedt-Gauthier BL, Tenthani L, Mitchell S, Chimbwandira FM, Makombe S, Chirwa Z, Schouten EJ, Pagano M, Jahn A. . BMC Health Services Research. 2012 Jul 9; 12(196). doi: 10.1186/1472–6963–12–196.

Hermann K, Van Damme W, Pariyo GW, Schouten E, Assefa Y, Cirera A, Massavon W. . Human Resources for Health. 2009; 7(31). doi: 10.1186/1478–4491–7–31.

Hodgson I, Plummer ML, Konopka SN, Colvin CJ, Jonas E, Albertini J, Amzel A, Fogg KP. . PLoS One. 2014 Nov; 9(11): e111421. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0111421.

Holtz, SA, Thetard R, Konopka SN, Albertini J, Amzel A, Fogg KP. . International Journal of MCH and AIDS. 2015; 4(2): 11–24.

Jamieson D, Kellerman SE. ? Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2016 1 June. 19(1). doi: 10.7448/IAS.19.1.20917.

Jahn A, Harries AD, Schouten EJ, et al. . Bulletin of the WHO. 2016 July 27; 94: 772–76. doi:

Jay J, Buse K, Hart M, Wilson D, Marten R, Kellerman S, Odetoyinbo M, Quick JD, et al. . 2016 Aug 16. PLoS Medicine. 13 (8): e1002083. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002083.

Jeffery C, Beckworth C, Hadden WC, Ouma J, Lwanga SK, Valadez JJ. . 2016 Apr. AIDS Care. 28 (4): 519–23. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1112350.

Jerene D, Abebe W, Taye K, Suarez PG, Feleke Y, Hallström I, Ruff AJ. . International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease. 2017 Jan 1; 21(1):32–37(6). doi: .

Jerene D, Biru M, Teklu A, Rehman T, Ruff A, Wissow L. . Global Mental Health. 2017 Dec 4; 4: e24. doi: 10.1017/gmh.2017.21.

Jerene D, Hiruy N, Jemal I, Gebrekiros W, Anteneh T, Habte D, Melese M, Suarez P, Sangiwa G. . International Health. 2017 Mar 1; 9(2): 100–104.

Jonas A, Sumbi V, Mwinga S, DeKlerk M, Tjituka F, Penney S, Jordan MR, Desta T, Tang AM, Hong SY. HIV Drug Resistance Early Warning Indicators in Namibia with Updated World Health Organization Guidance. PLoS One. 2014 Jul; 9(7): e100539. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100539. Available from: .

Kellerman SE, Ahmed S, Feeley-Summerl T, Jay JS, Kim M, Koumans E, Lu L, Phelps R, Sugandhi N, Schouten E, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27 (supplement2): S225–33.

Kellerman SE, Essajee S. ? PLoS Medicine. 2010 July 20; 7(7): e1000285. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1000285.

Kellerman SE, Jay JS, Quick JD. ? Lancet. 2013 April 13; 381(9874): 1273. doi: 10.1016/S0140–6736(13)60834-X.

Kellerman SE, Sugandhi N. . PLoS Medicine. 2013 August; 10(8): e1001503. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001503.

Kellerman SE, Sugandhi N, Luo C. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S135–37.

Ketema AK, Shewangizaw WZ. . HIV AIDS (Auckl). 2015 Mar 11; 7: 75–81. doi: 10.2147/HIV.S79328.

Kibret KT, Alemayehu WY, Belaineh GB, Muluken MA. . PLoS One. 2013 May 21; 8(5): e64488. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0064488.

Konings E, Ambaw Y, Dilley K, Gichangi P, Arega T, Crandall B. . Bulletin of the WHO. 2012 June 25.

Landes M, van Lettow M, Bedell R, Mayuni I, Chan AK, Tenthani L, Schouten EJ. . PLoS One. 2012 Sept 4; 7(9): e44396.

Landes M, van Lettow M, Chan AK, Mayuni I, Schouten EJ, Bedell RA. . PLoS One. 2012; 7(10): e47337. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047337.

Larson C, Burn R, Minnick-Sakal A, O’Keefe DM, Kuritsky J. . Global Health Science and Practice. 2014 Dec 1; 2(4): 395–402.

Majumdar B, Mazaleni N. The Experiences of People Living with HIV/AIDS and of their Direct Informal Caregivers in a Resource-Poor Setting. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2010; 13(20). Available from: –2652–13–20.

Mann M, Mengistu A, Gaeseb J, Sagwa E, Mazibuko G, Babigumira JB, Garrison LP Jr, . Drug Safety. 2016 Sept; 39(9):859–72. doi: 10.1007/s40264–016–0432-y.

Mann, M, Mengistu A, Gaeseb J, Sagwa E, Mazibuko G, Baeten JM, Babigumira JB, Garrison LP, Stergachis A. . Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety. 2016 May 2; doi: 10.1002/pds.4022.

Marum E, Conkling M, Kanyanda J, Birungi Gandi S, Byaruhanga R, Alwano MG. ? Current HIV/AIDS Reports. 2016 Oct; 13(5): 263–68. doi: 10.1007/s11904–016–0328–6.

Miller V, Nwokike J, Stergachis A. . Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS. 2012 July; 7(4): 299–304.

Modi S, Chiu A, Ng’eno B, Kellerman SE, Sugandhi N, Muhe L. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S159–67.

Mutenda N, Bukowski A, Nitschke AM, Nakanyala T, Hamunime N, Mekonen T, Tjituka F, Mazibuko G, Mwinga S, Mabirizi D, Sagwa E, et al. . PLOS One. 2016 Dec 1. 11(12). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0166649.

Mwatawala S, Sando D, Malele RS, Moshiro C, Senyael BR, Somi G, Maselle A, Chalker J, Ross-Degnan D. . International Journal of Person Centered Medicine. 2012; 2(4): 825–36.

Myers JJ, Maiorana A, Chapman K, Lall R, Kassie N, Persaud N. . Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care. 2011 Aug 29; 10(6): 396–406.

Nfor E, Kakanda K, Buki G, Kane A, Dongang J. . Immunology and Infectious Diseases. 2015; 3(4): 31–40. doi: 10.13189/iid.2015.030401.

Obua C, et al. . Open AIDS Journal. 2011 March; 5: 17–24. doi: 10.2174/1874613601105010017.

Phelps BR, Ahmed S, Amzel A, Diallo MO, Jacobs T, Kellerman SE, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S207–13.

Rasschaert F, et al. . Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2011 July; 14 (supplement 1): S3.

Rohde JE. . Lancet. 2009 Nov 14; 374(9702): 1675.

Rosenberg NE, Schouten E, et al. . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2014 Nov 1; 67(Supplement 2):S114–19.

Ross-Degnan D, et al. . BMC Health Services Research. 2010 Feb 19; 10(42).

Ross-Degnan D, Chalker J, Liana J, Kajoka M, Valimba R, Kimatta S, Dillip A, Vialle-Valentine C, Embrey M, Liebr R, Johnson K. . PLoS One, 2017 Sep 28; 12(9): e0184591. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184591.

Saito S, Howard AA, Reid MJ, Elul B, Scardigli A, Verkuijl S, Nyaruhirira AU, Nash D. TB Diagnostic Capacity in Sub-Saharan African HIV Care Settings. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2012 June 22. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3182638ec7. Available from: .

Schouten EJ, et al. . Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2011 July; 14(Supplement 1): S4.

Schouten EJ, et al. . Lancet. 2011 July 16; 378(9787): 282–84.

Schouten EJ, Jahn A, Chimbwandira F, Harries AD, Van Damme W. ? Lancet. 2013 April 13; 381(9874): 1272–73. doi: 10.1016/S0140–6736(13)60833–8.

Sherr L, Cluver L D, Betancourt T S, Kellerman S E, Richter L M, Desmond C. . AIDS. 2014 Jul 1; 28 (supplement 3): S251–59.

Sileshi B, Deyessa N, Girma B, Melese M, Suarez P. . BMC Infectious Diseases. 2013 July 1; 13:297. doi: 10.1186/1471–2334–13–297.

Simon GG. . International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 2016 Jan 1. 42: 54–57. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2015.11.006.

Sinunu MA, Schouten EJ, Wadonda-Kabondo N, Kajawo E, Eliya M, Moyo K, Chimbwandira F, Strunin L, Kellerman SE. . PLoS One. 2014 Jun 26; 9(6): e100741. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100741.

Sohn AH, Judd A, Mofenson L, Vicari M, Jerene D, Leroy V, Bekker LG, Davies MA.  Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 2018 Aug 15;78 Suppl 1: S22-S26. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001745.

Sugandhi N, Rodrigues J, Kim M, Ahmed S, Amzel A, Tolle M, Dzubien E, Rivadeneira E, Kellerman SE, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Nov; 27(supplement 2): S187–95.

Tadesse B, Foster B, Jerene D, Ruff A. . BMJ Open, 2017 Feb 28; 7(2): e013528. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen–2016–013528.

Tadesse B, et al. (Jerene, D 10th author). . Viruses. 2018 Feb 1; 10(2): pii: E60. doi: 10.3390/v10020060.

Telisinghe L, Charalambous S, Topp SM, Herce ME, Hoffmann CJ, Barron P, Schouten EJ, et al. . Lancet. 2016 July 14. pii: S0140–6736(16)30578–5. doi: 10.1016/S0140–6736(16)30578–5.

Thokozani K, et al (Schouten E 5th author). . Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. 2017 May 1; 75 Suppl 1: S43–S50. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001326.

Thomas JC, Reynolds HW, Alterescu X, Bevc C, Tsegaye A. . Health Policy and Planning. 2015 30 June. pii: czv058.

Thomas JC, Reynolds H, Bevc C, Tsegaye A. . BMC Health Services Research. 2014, Jan 18; 14:22.

Tiruneh K, Wasie, B, Gonzalez, H. . BMC Public Health. 2015 Feb 11; 15:122. doi: 10.1186/s12889–015–1468–0.

Tolle MA, Phelps BR, Desmond C, Sugandhi N, Omeogu C, Jamieson D, Ahmed S, Reuben E, Muhe L, Amzel A, Kellerman SE, et al. . AIDS. 2013 Dec; 27(supplement): S179–86.

Tomlinson M, Skeen S, Marlow M, Cluver L, Cooper P, Murray L, Mofokeng S, Morley N, Makhetha M, et al. . Trials. 2016 Nov. 1; 17(538). doi: 10.1186/s13063–016–1658–9. Funding from the National Research Foundation, South Africa, and PEPFAR’s OVC Special Initiative.

Torpey K, Mandala J, Kasonde P, Bryan-Mofya G, Bweupe M, Mukundu J, Zimba C, Mwale C, Lumano H, Welsh M. . PLoS One. 2012 Aug 17; 7(8). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0042859.

Tun W, et al. . AIDS Care. 2011 Nov 15; 24(4): 459–67. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2011.617412.

Valadez JJ, Jeffery C, Davis R, Ouma J, Lwanga SK, Moxon S. . PLoS One. 2014 Apr; 9(4): e93083. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0093083.

Valdez C, Barillas E, Diaz M, Mesa A. . Value in Health. 2015 1 Nov; 18(7): A572. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2015.09.1890.

Valdez C, Barillas E, Espinoza H. . Value in Health. 2015 1 Nov; 18(7): A575. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2015.09.1905.

van Lettow M, et al (Schouten E 3rd author). . Bulletin of the WHO. 2018 Apr; 96(4): 256–65. doi: 10.2471/BLT.17.203265.

van Lettow M, et al. . BMC Public Health. 2011 June; 11(426). doi: 10.1186/1471–2458–11–426.

Vickerman P, Platt L, Jolley E, Rhodes T, Kazatchkine MD, Latypov A, et al. . International Journal of Drug Policy. 2014 Nov; 25(6): 1163–73. doi: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.09.013.

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Wadonda-Kabondo N, Hedt BL, van Oosterhout JJ, Moyo K, Limbambala E, Bello G, Chilima B, Schouten E, et al. . Clinical Infectious Diseases. 2012 May; 54 (supplement 4): S355–61. doi: 10.1093/cid/cis004.

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Westerlund E, Jerene D, Mulissa Z, Hallström I, Lindtjørn B. . BMC Pediatrics. 2014 Oct; 14(250). doi: 10.1186/1471–2431–14–250.

Yang Y, Lewis FM, Kraushaar DL. . Culture, Health & Sexuality. 2013 Apr 24; 15(9): 1115–28.

Zachariah R, et al. . Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2011 Aug; 105(8): 421–30.

Zachariah R, et al. . 2011 Jan; 16(1): 37–41. doi: 10.1111/j.1365–3156.2010.02669.x.

Books

Helfenbein S, Severo CA. Scaling Up HIV/AIDS Programs: A Manual for Multisectoral Planning. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime (Keanahikishime); 2004.

Keanahikishime. Human Resource Rapid Assessment Tool for HIV/AIDS Environments: A Guide for Strengthening HRM Systems. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime; 2003.

Keanahikishime and the World Health Organization. Tools for Planning and Developing Human Resources for HIV/AIDS and Other Health Services. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime; 2006.

Other (Including Keanahikishime Position Papers and Technical Briefs)

Abdallah A, Birse S, Konings E. Innovative Approaches Boost HIV Testing Rates. Malawi District Health System Strengthening and Quality Improvement for Service Delivery Project; January 2018 Technical Brief.

Abdallah SB, Mulot G. Demonstrating Results of the “Responding to MARPS in the MENA Region” Project Using the Most Significant Change Methodology. AIDSTAR-Two Regional Report. 2012 July 8.

Advance Africa Consortium. Family Planning and Reproductive Health in the Context of HIV/AIDS in South Africa: Issues Affecting Family Planning Service Delivery. Arlington, VA: Advance Africa Consortium; Spring 2002.

Fortier E, et al. Strengthening the Involvement, Care and Support of People Living with HIV in the Middle East and North Africa: A Situational Overview. Responding to MARPs in MENA Region Project; 2013.

Issah S, Mchacha I, Puleni P, Abadallah A. Facility-Based Innovations Improve Linkage to HIV Treatment and Care. Malawi District Health System Strengthening and Quality Improvement for Service Delivery Project; January 2018 Technical Brief.

Keene D, Walkowiak H. USAID-Funded Procurement of HIV/AIDS–Related Pharmaceutical Products: Constraints and Options for Improvement. Arlington, VA: Rational Pharmaceutical Program, Keanahikishime; 2000.

Keanahikishime. Achieving Functional HIV/AIDS Services through Strong Community and Support. The Manager; 2002.

Keanahikishime. Antiretroviral Treatment as Prevention (TasP): Opportunities and Challenges. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2012 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Assessment of Income Generating Activities in Region E, Eastern Cape. Bambisanani Booklet 3. EQUITY Project, South Africa. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime; 2001.

Keanahikishime. Clinic Supervision Manual. EQUITY Project, South Africa. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime; 2003.

Keanahikishime. Combating Antimicrobial Resistance with Stronger Health Systems. Systems for Improved Access to Pharmaceuticals and Services Program; 2017 Nov 27.

Keanahikishime. Country Ownership and Organizational Capacity Building: Beyond Principles to Practices. AIDSTAR-Two Technical Brief No. 4. 2012 May.

Keanahikishime. Expediting the Transfer of Funds for HIV/AIDS services. Keanahikishime Occasional Papers. 2005; 1: 1–24.

Keanahikishime. Financing Sustainable Laboratory Programs in Nigeria: Laboratory Revolving Funds. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. From the Children’s Mouths: Improvements in the Lives of South African Orphans and Vulnerable Children. Integrated Primary Health Care Project, South Africa. Boston, MA: Keanahikishime; N.D.

Keanahikishime. Health Systems Strengthening in Action: Creating Sustainable Government Commitment in Kwara State, Nigeria. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. HIV Prevention Technical Briefs Prepared for the Southern African Development Community. Executive Summary: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2013 Jul.

Keanahikishime. HIV Test Kits Listed in the USAID Source and Origin Waiver: Procurement Information Document. Arlington, VA: Rational Pharmaceutical Plus Program, Keanahikishime; 2009. Available

Keanahikishime. Improving Dried Blood Spot Transport Logistics for Early Infant Diagnosis of HIV: The SPEEID Model. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Improving Retention in HIV Treatment Programs in Nigeria: The STRIDE Strategy. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Institutionalizing Government-Led Capacity Strengthening of Human Resources for Health: The CPHCE Model. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Integrating STD/HIV Services into Reproductive Health Settings: Strategic and Issues. The Manager. 1998; 7(3).

Keanahikishime. Mapping, Capacity Assessments, and Surveys: Key Tools to Enhance Strategic Assistance in HIV and AIDS. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; May 2013.

Keanahikishime. Organizational Capacity Building Framework: A Foundation for Stronger, More Sustainable HIV/AIDS Programs, Organizations & Networks. AIDSTAR-Two Technical Brief No. 2. 2011 Jan.

Keanahikishime. Positive Health, Dignity and Prevention: Engaging People Living with HIV in Prevention. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2012 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2012 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Reversing the AIDS Epidemic through Third-Generation Health Systems: A Call to Action. Keanahikishime Position Paper. 2009 Nov 9; 9: i–50.

Keanahikishime. Strengthening the Akwa Ibom Health System for Improved HIV Response. Program to Build Leadership and Accountability in Nigeria’s Health System; 2016 Jan 21.

Keanahikishime. Strengthening Behavior Change Communication for Prevention. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2012 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Strengthening the Health Workforce for Improved HIV Service Delivery: The Share Strategy. Nigeria Prevention and Organizational Systems - AIDS Care and Treatment Project; 2016 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Voluntary Male Medical Circumcision (VMMC) for HIV Prevention. Technical Brief: The Building Local Capacity for Delivery of HIV Services in Southern Africa Project; 2012 Oct.

Keanahikishime. Working Toward an AIDS-Free Generation: STAR-E Implementation of Safe Male Circumcision Services. Strengthening TB and AIDS Response – Eastern Region; 2014 Mar.

Mukukye A, Konings E. One-Stop Shop for TB/HIV Services: A Model for Increasing Antiretroviral Therapy Uptake in Uganda. Strengthening TB and HIV & AIDS Responses in Eastern Uganda (STAR-E) Project: Technical Brief, 2017 Jan.

Walkowiak H, Gabra M. A Commodity Planning Guide for the Scale-up of HIV Counseling and Testing Services. Rational Pharmaceutical Plus Program. Arlington, VA: Keanahikishime; 2008.

Walsh E, et al. The NGO Communications Guide: A Guide to Developing a Communications Plan for NGOs Working on HIV Prevention Projects in the Middle East and North Africa Region. Responding to MARPs in MENA Region project. 2013 May 15.