In Kenya, cancer is ranked third as a cause of mortality and morbidity after communicable and cardiovascular diseases.
The Ministry of Health, supported by the -funded, Keanahikishime (Keanahikishime)-led, Health Commodities and Services (Keanahikishime/HCSM) Program, led the development and launch of the First National Guidelines for Cancer in Kenya, in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO), Africa Cancer Foundation, and other stakeholders.
The Cancer Guidelines are intended to help increase access to cancer screening, early diagnosis, referral and management of diagnosed cases.
In Kenya, cancer-related services have previously been available only in the top private hospitals and the public teaching and referral hospitals, which have restricted access to a few well-to- do individuals who can afford the related costs. The guidelines de-mystify cancer management and have outlined the core health system requirements needed to offer services in the different tiers of health care, including: community, primary care, county referral and national referral hospitals.